The history of The wine of Burgundy.
In ancient times the area of present Burgundy was populated by Celtic tribes, who had been later conquered by the Roman Empire. In the sixth century AD the Germans settled there and founded their own kingdom, which included lands of present Germany, Switzerland, Flanders. As a part of France Burgundy became only in the second half of the fifteenth century.
In the world this French province is famous for its mustard and, of course, great wines, which have millions of admirers around the world. Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire, Turkish sultans and Popes received pots of mustard as gifts, prepared with white and red wine, vodka, madeira and sherry. To make an amazing flavor they added cumin, wild berries, basil, coriander and vanilla. Culinary Burgundy was also famous for its land snail, delicious ginger bread, anise drops (it is noteworthy that this is the oldest French confection, known from the twelfth century).
However, the glory of Burgundy arrived not due to cookery. Burgundy – this is, first of all, the wine! Moreover, the wine truly delicious!
If we compare Burgundy wines with Bordeaux wines, you will not find too sophisticated titles in the names of local wines, because there is no system of binding of wine to specific castles. The names of wines of Burgundy are simpler, but their quality are perfect.
Today there are about one hundred of wineries in Burgundy, and even a special “wine road” is invented for tourists. When traveling on roads of the province, many miles of vineyards will accompany you.
Burgundy is administratively divided into four departments: Saône-et-Loire, Côte d’Or, Yonne, Nièvre.
One of the most beautiful and beloved by tourist towns of Burgundy is Dijon. This is small, quiet and very original city, which is generally associated with art, sculpture and remarkable architecture. Here there is the Count palace with preserved tombs of John the Fearless and Philip the Bold. The walls, surrounding the town, were built in the twelfth century.
The wine capital of Burgundy – Beaune. Among its attractions we can mention the old hospital, where the annual charitable fair and tastings of local wines is conducted since 1859. However, it’ rather difficult to get to this event, because over the years it has become a fashion social event. The Ducal Palace is also very interesting to visit. The old defensive city walls are now used as a repository of prestigious wines of long endurance. The beautiful cathedral of Notre Dame holds a large collection of French tapestries.
But in any case, the main pride of Burgundy – its winemakers, whose best representatives work in the communities of Aloxe-Corton, Batard-Montrachet, Beaune, Vosne Romanee, Gevrey Chambertin, Chambertin, Clos de Vougeot, Corton, Corton Charlemagne, Criot Batard Montrachet, Macon, Mercurey, Meursault, Montrachet, Morey Saint Denis, Nuits-Saint-Georges, Pernand-Vergelesses, Pommard, Pouilly-Fuisse, Puligny-Montrachet, Romanee Saint-Vivant, Saint-Veran, Santenay, Chambolle-Musigny, Charmes-Chambertin, Chassagne-Montrachet, Chevalier Montrachet, Echezeaux. Choosing drinks of these brands, you can be sure that it’s great wine, made by the best technologies and traditions of Burgundian winemaking.