Travel

Pantheon — the Parisian temple which has turned to a tomb

Paris is one of the brightest and interesting cities of the world. Thus the advantage of this city is its “being modern” and that walking on streets it is possible to study history. To be convinced of it there is no necessity to go to France; it is enough to see the list of sights the city is rich for.

In our previous materials we already told about such significant places for each Frenchman, as Versailles, the Louvre, and Arch Triomphe, Tour Eiffel, museum D’Orsay and many other things. And sincerely we hope that they have appeared for you interesting and useful. Today it would be desirable to continue our narration and to stop on one more interesting place of Paris.

The Pantheon is a magnificent neo-classical construction which became last shelter for many legendary sons of France.

As to architectural features of the Pantheon, its size fascinates the viewers. The length of the building makes a hundred and ten meters that together with eighty meters width does it one of the greatest not only in Paris, but also in all France. The dome height also impresses. To construct a building eight tens meters in height two hundred years ago was not the simplest business.

The building is obliged by the occurrence to King Louis XV who during serious illness has sworn in case of the recover to erect a temple on place of the Abbey of St Genevieve which was at that time in desolation. However, as it often happens, majestic persons are inclined not to fulfill their promises. So it has turned out in this case. Banal shortage of means in the country budget became the reason which has delayed building of the temple. Though it is necessary to notice that architect Jacques-Germain Soufflot has created the project of the future church in 1755.

Temple building eventually has been begun and has come to the end in 1789 when Great revolution established its rules in France. Possibly for this reason the Panthéon became not so much of a temple but a magnificent mausoleum for many “big” Frenchmen among whom it is possible to note such well-known people, as Voltaire, Hugo and Russo.

Certainly, it is possible to concern such mission of a religious temple differently, but the Pantheon carries out such historical function and is a magnificent creation of architectural thought of the eighteenth century. For this reason we advise to all tourists coming to Paris, to include the Pantheon in the list of places for visiting.