Paris is an ancient city with a glorious and rich history and, of course, a large number of sights interesting permanently for the thousands of tourists, who come here from all corners of our planet. We can tell about many of places in the French capital but today the object of our article is such Parisian sight as Elysee Palace (Palais de l’Elysee).
Every resident of France and many foreigners know that today Palais de l’Elysée is perhaps the most important buildings of this country, because this is the head residence of the President of the French Republic. Obviously, because of the object has a state status and the head of the state works here, the palace is closed to ordinary people of the country and tourists. But nevertheless, Parisians and visitors of the city have the opportunity to make excursions to some rooms of the Presidential apartments on one week-end of September. This is a present reality, but let’s stay on some historical moments associated with this magnificent architectural structure.
Construction of the palace was completed in the early eighteenth century and the Earl of Evreux had become its first owner. The heads of the state have occupied the palace much later. The next owner of Palais de l’Elysee was Madame de Pompadour (as many know, a very interesting historical figure for France), and it had happened in 1753. According to the will, this lady gave the building to King Louis XV. At his time performance of magicians and spiritists had being organized here for a selected audience of Paris. The next owners of the palace were a banker Bozhon and Duchess of Burgundy, and exactly at that time the building got its present name.
Palais de l’Elysee became the residence of French presidents in the late nineteenth century, in 1873. Since then, thirteen presidents of the Third Republic, two heads of the Fourth Republic and six presidents of the Fifth (de Gaulle, Pompidou, D’Estaing, Mitterrand, Chirac and Sarkozy) had lived and worked in apartments and offices of the building.
Personal office of the French President is located in Gold Saloon of the palace. It is interior design has remained almost unchanged since 1861. The legendary President Charles de Gaulle placed a terrestrial globe here, Georges Pompidou hung the work of the painter Nicolas de Stael on the wall.
Naturally, the residence of such an important person has specific characteristics. The underground part of Palais de l’Elysee has a room where the president of France may push for so-called “red” button to give the order to launch strategic nuclear ballistic missiles (if someone does not know, France is a nuclear country). In this room there are large screens and technics for direct communication between the commander in chief (the president), the Minister of Defense and the leadership of the strategic air forces.
Silver Salon of Palais de l’Elysee went into history thanks to the Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte who had signed his second abdication here in 1815.
The French Government holds its meetings also in the palace, in former music salon of Madame de Pompadour.
Unfortunately, it is almost impossible to get into Palais de l’Elysee for the ordinary person, but it’s nice even just to see the palace from the outside. So if you will come to Paris make sure to take a walk near this place.
Enjoy your stay in Paris!